Exploring Engineering Majors | A. James Clark School of Engineering, University of Maryland

                    As an undecided engineering student you have the choice of nine engineering majors.? This page is designed to help you explore your interests so that you can make a more informed decision when chosing a major. Beneath the chart, you will find information about each major including a description, the top 10 employers, job titles, average annual salary, and the departmental websites.

                    ? Thinking & Formulating Ideas Searching for Facts Mentally Problem Solving Practically Solving Hands-on Problems Following Set Procedures & Routines Working with Data & Details Starting & Carrying Out Projects Leading People & Making Many Decisions Requiring Risk Taking (Sometimes) Dealing with Business (Often)
                    Aerospace Engineering X X X X ? ? ? ? ? ?
                    Bioengineering X X X X ? ? ? ? ? ?
                    Chemical Engineering X X X X ? ? ? ? ? ?
                    Civil Engineering X X X X X X ? ? ? ?
                    Computer Engineering X X X X X X ? ? ? ?
                    Electrical Engineering X X X X ? ? ? ? ? ?
                    Fire Protection Engineering X X X X X X X X X X
                    Materials Science & Engineering X X X X ? ? X X X X
                    Mechanical Engineering X X X X X X ? ? ? ?

                    ?

                    Description:
                    Aerospace Engineering is concerned with the design, construction and science of aircraft and spacecraft.??It is divided into two major and overlapping branches:
                    ?
                    1. Aeronautical:? craft that stay within the earth’s atmosphere
                    2. Astronautical:? craft that operate outside the earth’s atmosphere
                    Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space exploration.? They often specialize in areas such as structures, propulsion systems, vehicle movement and control, communications and overall vehicle design.?
                    ?
                    Top 10 Aerospace Engineering Employers:
                    a.i. solutions
                    Boeing
                    Intelsat
                    JHU Applied Physics Lab
                    Lockheed Martin
                    NASA
                    Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR)
                    Orbital ATK
                    Raytheon
                    Textron
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Aeronautical Engineer
                    Aerospace Engineer
                    Aerospace Stress Engineer
                    Avionics Engineer
                    Design Engineer
                    Flight Controls Engineer
                    Flight Test Engineer
                    Structural Analysis Engineer
                    Systems Engineer
                    Test Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$71,200
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:? ?https://aero.umd.edu/
                    Description:
                    Bioengineering is based on biology, biosystems, medical research and clinical practice.??Bioengineers develop innovative processes for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease and seek to improve the health and life of humankind.??Bioengineers specialize in those products and processes made from, used with or applied to biological organisms.
                    ?
                    Top 10 Bioengineering Employers:
                    Accenture
                    Appian
                    AstraZeneca
                    National Institutes of Health (NIH)
                    NextCure
                    Personal Genome Diagnostics
                    Terumo
                    United Health Group
                    US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
                    USDA
                    ?
                    Job Titles:??
                    Engineering Director
                    Process Engineer
                    Research Associate
                    Research Engineer
                    Research Fellow
                    Research Greenhouse Supervisor
                    Research Scientist
                    University Extension Specialist
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$69,500
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://bioe.umd.edu/
                    Description:?
                    Chemical engineers research, develop and improve things we use every day.? They ensure we have a safe, secure and sustainable supply of energy, water and food while safeguarding the environment.??They develop new products from renewable resources, alternative energy sources, pharmaceutical products and new food products.
                    ?
                    Top 10 Chemical Engineering Employers:
                    Anheuser Busch
                    Army Research Lab (ARL)
                    Deloitte
                    Epic
                    ExxonMobil
                    Flying Dog Brewery
                    FM Global
                    Naval Research Lab (NRL)
                    Pepsico
                    Procter & Gamble
                    ?
                    Job Titles:??
                    Chemical Engineer
                    Development Engineer
                    Engineering Scientist
                    Process Control Engineer
                    Process Engineer
                    Project Engineer
                    Refinery Process Engineer
                    Research Chemical Engineer
                    Scientist
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$73,200
                    ?

                    Departmental Website:??https://chbe.umd.edu/

                    Description:
                    Civil Engineering focuses on planning, design, construction and operation of large systems such as buildings and bridges.? Civil engineers also focus on water purification and distribution systems, traffic and transportation systems, water and land pollution systems.??Civil Engineering offers three tracks:
                    ?
                    • Geotechnical and Structural
                    • Environmental and Water Resources
                    • Transportation Systems and Project Management
                    Top 10 Civil Engineering Employers:
                    AECOM
                    Bohler Engineering
                    Clark Construction
                    Engineering Consulting Services (ECS)
                    Johnson, Mirmiran & Thompson
                    Prime AE
                    STV
                    Turner Construction
                    Whiting-Turner
                    Whitman, Requardt & Associates (WRA)
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Bridge/Structure Inspection Team Leader
                    City Engineer
                    Civil Engineering Manager
                    County Engineer
                    Design Engineer
                    Project Engineer
                    Railroad Design Consultant
                    Structural Engineer
                    Traffic Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$63,100
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://cee.umd.edu/
                    Description:?
                    Computer engineers apply the principles and techniques of electrical engineering, computer science and mathematical analysis to design, develop, test and evaluate software and hardware systems that enable computers to perform increasingly demanding functions.??Computer engineers design robots, develop microprocessors, design supercomputers and smart devices, create integrated circuits for semiconductor fabrication, program computer-vision capabilities, create security/cryptographic systems and develop software systems and network protocols.
                    ?
                    Top 10 Computer Engineering Employers:
                    Amazon
                    Bloomberg
                    Boeing
                    Booz Allen Hamilton
                    Capital One
                    Google
                    JHU Applied Physics Lab (APL)
                    Lockheed Martin?
                    Microsoft
                    Northrop Grumman
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Design Engineer
                    Field Service Engineer
                    Hardware Design Engineer
                    Hardware Engineer
                    Network Engineer
                    Project Engineer
                    Senior Hardware Engineer
                    Systems Engineer
                    Systems Integration Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$85,300
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://ece.umd.edu/
                    Description:
                    Electrical engineers help overcome global challenges related to energy, communications, health care, global warming and national security.??Electrical engineers create innovative technology solutions in a wide range of areas from handheld communications to solar panels; from cardiac pacemakers to autonomous robots; from wireless networks to bio-engineered sensors that detect dangerous pathogens, and intelligent surveillance systems that perform face and motion recognition.??
                    ?
                    Top 10 Electrical Engineering Employers:
                    Accenture
                    Amazon
                    Bloomberg
                    Facebook
                    Hughes Network Systems
                    JP Morgan Chase
                    M.C. Dean
                    National Security Agency (NSA)
                    Northrop Grumman
                    Texas Instruments
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Circuits Engineer
                    Design Engineer
                    Electrical Controls Engineer
                    Electrical Design Engineer
                    Electrical Project Engineer
                    Instrumentation and Electrical Reliability Engineer (I&E Reliability Engineer)
                    Power Systems Engineer
                    Project Engineer
                    Test Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$73,400
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://ece.umd.edu/
                    Description:
                    Fire Protection engineers protect people, homes, workplaces, the environment and the economy from the devastating effects of fire by designing systems, creating products and developing fire safe materials.??Fire Protection engineers focus on suppression and detection, fire-resistant materials, fire dynamics and behavior, smoke, soot and gases, human behavior and life safety, computer modeling of fire, smoke, suppression and evacuation.
                    ?
                    Top 10 Fire Protection Engineering Employers:
                    AECOM
                    Disney
                    EBL Fire Engineering
                    Exelon
                    GHD
                    Jenson Hughes
                    Koffel Associates
                    Rhino Fire Protection Engineering
                    SimplexGrinnell (A Tyco Company)
                    UL
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Chief Engineer
                    Consulting Engineer
                    Design Director
                    Fire Protection Engineer and Code Consultant (FP Engineer and Code Consultant)
                    Lead Fire Protection Engineer
                    Loss Control Manager
                    Senior Engineer
                    Senior Fire Protection Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$73,100
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://fpe.umd.edu/

                    Description:

                    Material Science and Engineering is the process, testing and designing of complex material systems that underlie much of today’s advanced technology including microelectronics and biotechnology.??These engineers can produce incredibly strong magnets, advanced plastics and polymers, metals that remember their shape and nanotechnology.

                    ?

                    Top 10 Materials Science and Engineering Employers:

                    Accenture
                    Applied Predictive Technologies
                    CoolCAD Electronics
                    Epic Systems
                    MPR Associates
                    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
                    National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST)
                    National Institutes of Health
                    Northrop Grumman
                    US Army Research Lab (ARL)
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Materials and Processes Manager
                    Materials Branch Chief
                    Materials Development Engineer
                    Materials Research Engineer
                    Metallurgical Engineer
                    Metallurgist
                    Process Engineer
                    Research Engineer
                    Test Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$71,100
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://mse.umd.edu/
                    Description:
                    Mechanical Engineering is the broadest and most versatile of all the engineering professions.??Mechanical engineers design, manufacture and operations of a wide range of components, devices or systems.? The field encompasses applications ranging from miroc-mechanical surgical systems to internal combustion engines for formula one race cars or giant turbines for renewable energy wind farms.
                    ?
                    Top 10 Mechanical Engineering Employers:
                    Accenture
                    Deloitte
                    dlhBowles
                    Ford Motor
                    Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR)
                    Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)
                    Northrop Grumman
                    Orbital ATK
                    Stanley Black & Decker
                    Whiting-Turner
                    ?
                    Job Titles:
                    Application Engineer
                    Design Engineer
                    Design Maintenance Engineer
                    Equipment Engineer
                    Mechanical Design Engineer
                    Process Engineer
                    Product Engineer
                    Project Engineer
                    Test Engineer
                    ?
                    Average Annual Salary:??$68,500
                    ?
                    Departmental Website:??https://enme.umd.edu/

                    The School of Engineering offers two courses that explore each of the nine engineering majors:

                    UNIV100 (1-credit)-?The Student in the University (section 0604)

                    Introduces students to University life. In a small classroom setting, students will explore how to successfully bridge the gap between high school and college. Study skills, career decision-making, and student development processes will be explored.

                    ENES181 (1-credit)- Engineering & The Grand Challenges (section 0101)

                    Introduction to the various fields of engineering and the necessary context for students to fully engage in selected National Academy of Engineering's Grand Challenges such as economical solar energy, carbon sequestration, access to clean water, engineering better medicines, restoring urban infrastructure and personalized learning. The lectures and activities will provide an introduction to the engineering disciplines, NAE Grand Challenges, STEM cultures, and research.

                    Students may also choose to take a major specific introductory course in order to learn more about a specific major of interest.


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